How Do I Know Where My Meat Comes From?

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We are in the age of consumer’s right-to-know. And, as a farmer, I get that. Consumers want to know where their meat and other food comes from. Our government recently repealed the COOL (country of origin labeling) provision, which allows consumers to know where their meat was born, raised and harvested. First, why would congress pass a bill that repeals the right for consumers to know where their meat comes from? And, how do I know where my meat comes from? 

Why and How?

No, there are no conspiracy theories. No, the provision was not secretly put into the bill. No, congress isn’t try to pull the wool over consumer’s eyes. No, this is not about Monsanto. It comes down to retaliation. Retaliation from two of our most important trading partners.

The reason COOL was repealed is because the U.S. is part of the WTO (world trade organization) and the countries of Canada and Mexico both felt the labeling requirement of pork and beef was discriminatory towards their countries. Why? Because when animals are transported into the U.S. for processing, the packing plants need to keep the animals segregated so they can label them appropriately. Both Canada and Mexico felt the additional cost of keeping the animals segregated was discriminatory towards them, resulting in an unfair competitive advantage for the U.S. 

And the WTO agreed. 

WTO Agreement

Four times, the WTO agreed with Canada and Mexico and gave them permission to retaliate to the tune of $1,000,000,000 in tariffs. As a pig farmer, the talk was Canada was going to put 100% tariffs on U.S. pork. And that is a very big deal. Canada and Mexico are our #2 and #3 export markets. The U.S. exports approximately 25% of our pork. Currently, the price of pork is below what it costs to produce it. Imagine having your #2 and #3 export markets being hit significantly on top of low prices. The retaliatory tariffs would be devastating for the pork industry.

Because the repeal is now law, there are a number of questions about how consumers will know where their meat comes from. And as a farmer, I understand consumer’s reaction. Here are a few things to keep in mind as we go forward.

Now, what . . . Where Does My Meat Come From?

  • Retail companies can still voluntarily put country of origin labeling information on their meat packages.
  • Your meat is still safe. Both meat produced in the U.S. and abroad are required to follow USDA standards. COOL was never about food safety – it was only information about where the animals were born, raised and harvested.
  • China will NOT be exporting meat into the U.S. China is not an approved meat export to the U.S. In fact, only 27 countries can export meat to the U.S., which includes Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Honduras, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Northern Ireland, Poland, San Marino, Spain and Uruguay. These countries also need to follow the same rigorous inspection standards as the U.S. 
  • If meat comes in already packaged retail packs from other countries, these must be marked with country-of-origin. The repeal of COOL does not pertain to prepackaged meat from other countries. 

So what if you still want to know where your meat comes from?

Per NAMI (North America Meat Institute), “All meat processed to be sold commercially in the U.S. (i.e. meat not directly imported in retail ready packs and labeled as such) must pass through a USDA inspected establishment and meet all USDA regulations for meat produced in the U.S. All meat products sold on store shelves have this mark of inspection with a federally inspected establishment number, which tells you exactly where the meat was processed.”

Personally, I am not the least bit concerned about the COOL repeal as far as quality and safety because it was never about food safety. The U.S. has some of the highest food safety requirements in the world.

Why the COOL repeal is good for pig farmers

The repeal of COOL will help pig farmers significantly by not reducing and/or eliminating our markets. Markets are extremely important to farmers. Other non-ag markets would have been affected also by the tariffs. Tariffs would have been placed on furniture, mattress makers, jewelry, baked goods and maple syrup processors.

Here are other sources of information about the repeal of COOL:

Cooling Down the COOL Rhetoric – NAMI

USDA – County of Origin Labeling (COOL)

House Votes to Repeal COOL 

COOL Law hurts Beef Industry 


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10 Comments on How Do I Know Where My Meat Comes From?

  1. avatar
    December 30, 2015

    @And, by the way, if you see this meme in your newsfeed, please don’t share it. David Avocado Wolfe is anti-ag and he “sucks” you in with his other benign and “feel good” memes. …
    If anyone is interested in finding out more about this character, SciBabe had a blog post on him in October. Be aware that the presentation style at SciBabe is not as –uh, refined as what we are used to reading on Wanda’s blog.
    If the link is not allowed, or broken, just google “scibabe wolfe” and you’ll get right to it.
    http://www.scibabe.com/a-challenge-to-david-avocado-wolfe-take-a-flying-leap-literally/

  2. avatar
    Miki Wright says:
    January 9, 2016

    For example, how will an ecoli outbreak be traced if there is no info on the origin of the meat? Or is the government allowed to know that but not the consumer? I want to know where my food comes from and how it was produced so I can make my own decision about food for my family.

    • avatar
      January 9, 2016

      The meat is tested when it arrives at the processing. Most e.coli comes after the meat leaves the processor. I hear you about wanting to know where your food comes from. Retailers can put that info on the packages voluntarily. If they find enough denand, they will put it there.

      • avatar
        Miki Wright says:
        January 9, 2016

        That doesn’t really explain to me how a pathogen is traced.

          • avatar
            Miki Wright says:
            January 9, 2016

            And how does the processor know where the contaminated food came from? Testing at the plant clearly isn’t fool-proof since these products make it into our food supply and make people sick.

          • avatar
            January 9, 2016

            So I toured Hormel this past summer. Once the pigs come into the plant, they are tattooed (identified) so they know where they originated from. They know which farm, etc. where the animals came from. The meat is then tested so if there are any abnormalities of any kind, they know which farm they came from.

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  1. How Do I Know Where My Meat Comes From? - Ask The Farmers says:

    […] I would love to answer any other questions you may have about the repeal of COOL. This was originally posted on my blog Minnesota Farm Living. […]

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